Missouri who held a parity of free and

Missouri compromise in 18201 was a piece of legislation set
by Henry clay with the intentions to defuse the tensions between Americas
Bicameral Parliament , created by Missouris request as slave state. Following
Louisiana acceptance as a slave state in 1812 there were no other territories
petioning congress for statehood out of Purchase lands. This was until 1812
whereby  request by Missouri , challenged
the stability of both the Senate and the House and through the differentiation
in opinions of policies an impasse within the government sparked. As well as
generating tensions, Missouries admittance being in the trajectory of the free
states marked the beginning of the antebellum period whereby westward expansion
became a focus and fear in the Northern territories and consequently in effort
to combat the reality of westward expansion, Southerners way of life became
threatened. The granting of Missouris request received immediate opposition
particularly by James Tallamage who proposed the “Tallmage Ammendment2” , which
was defeated in the senate who held a parity of free and slave states despite
being passed in the house who had more free states. The Missouri compromise
conditions included accepting maine who was initially part of Maschettutes as a
free state in order to enable parity of free and slave states as well as
prohibiting slavery in areas of the Louisana Purchase that is north of the
36’30 parallel.Slavery being prohibite in areas of the Louisiana Purchase north
of 36’30 parallel was mainly done so as a method of ensuring fears of westward
expansions fo slavery is at bay. The controvery that sparked through as Missouris
request hihglighted the division in the nation and how slavery was a prominent
factor in engineering this divison. This plays into how the Missouri compromise
kick starts the antebellum period , whereby slavery and its econmics drove the
southern sentiment and fear of westward expansion was a massive threat for the
northerners. This ultimatley ties in with how the Missouri compromise became a
stepping stone for these sentiments to heighten and thus spiral out of control
, consequently leading to a civil war . 
In terms of slaves , the compromise destoryed the hopes for emancipation
of slaves on a gradual levels and essentially helped slaver to become a
legitimate Southern institution. However, the division in the South and North
as a whole , was created through the cotton gin invention as it made the belief
of slavery dying out which was accepted by both the North and the South
unlikely.

 

The future of slavery began to look bleak pre cotton gin era
for both economic and social reasons . Prior the cotton gin invention, the
southern economy began declining through the exhausation of land created by
tobacco production in hand with the field creating “lesser yields”. In essence
this meant, fields giving 1000 pounds of cotton in 1700 were giving half that
by 17933. In terms of Southern production and profitability , Thomas Jefferson
letter to  William Draytion in 30 July
17874 , highlighted his belief that grain demand from Europe will essentially
become the number one export, which did not require plantation labour,
decreasing the demand for slave labour. Across northern territories, many
states began the prohibition of slaves as evident in Connecticut, Rhode Island
and Georgia prohibiton of slaves in 1774 as well as Delware in 17765. As well
as prohibiting slaves, societys such as Pennsylvania Quakers began to actively
forbid members from owning slaves or engaging slave trade in effort to put a halt
to international slave trade. African Americans, were also active in American
politics which is seen in Massachusetts slaves petition for the government in
terms of their freedom in October in 28, 1783. Although unsuccessful, the
ability for slaves to petition led for hope in freedom of slavers and thus
created a foundation for other slaves to gain rights. This is evident , in
January 1800 whereby the free black people Philadelphia petition for the
congress to end the trade in 1794 was validated in 18076. In conclusion, the
period before cotton gin invention consisted of decline of slavery both
economically and socially.

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