type of learning in which one or more than one persons are involved to dinf
the solution of a specific problem or question.
instruction method in which learners work in groups towards a common academic,
is a systemised way of learning.
is not a systematic way of learning.
doesnot allow to much freedom and creativity
allows freedom and creativity
congnitive skills are required
social and communication skills are required
reasoning is used
reason is used
helps in development of creativity and problem solving skills
helps in development of real world, situation based problem solving skills
involves active management
involves moderate management.
must be active; they should identify main principles not only depend on
may be active or moderate in learning;
it is not necessary to identify the main principle or instructor explanation.
learner organise self effort.
Students organise their efforts between themselves
based problem approaches
world problems approaches
preparation for real life social.
for real life social and employment situation.
effort counted as a whole.
effort counted as a whole
It is based on the cognitive
constructivist school of thought.
is based on social constructivist school of thought.
There is no cooperation and high competition between
There is cooperation between learners and no competition.
Learners use only instructions provided by instructors, not
to use owns.
Learners use existing cognitive structures.
discovery, problem based learning
debate, Questions Challange to classfellow