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Introduction
Authors fabricate lies in their characters. Their characters wear masks to hide their emotions, ambitions, and truths. Many reasons are behind this inclination. Some desire to manipulate others to get what they truly yearn for, such as authority. Some do it for the false humility. This proclivity parallels in Othello by William Shakespeare. Othello as a tragic hero is unable to determine the true intentions of others, which eventually causes his gradual downfall. Therefore, I was curious to investigate to what extent is Othello affected by his flawed relationships with peers. Othello interacts with various characters in the play, who have various intentions. Whatever the purpose is behind the insincerity, Othello’s insincere relationships with others develop his flaws of narrow-mindedness and the lack of perception in recognizing the truth. 
Othello and the Senate
Othello builds an unstable relationship with the Senate that first introduces his flaw of being blind to the truth. Othello gains a lot of  respect from the Senate as a mercenary army general in Venice, but it is not sufficient enough to vindicate himself from being accused of stealing Brabantino’s daughter, Desdemona. Othello strongly believes that he alone will be enough to prove that he is innocent: “My parts, my title, and my perfect soul / Shall manifest me rightly” (Shakespeare 1.2.36-37). The synecdoche evokes a conceited tone, demonstrating Othello’s knowledge of his own capabilities as a general. It also signifies Othello’s naivety in which he trust people too much. His confident tone will contrast with Senate’s uncertainty in him. Othello’s line here is based on “merit in terms of self-evident proofs. Othello is committed to public intelligibility and convinced that his relationship to the world need not to be negotiated” (Altman, 33).  His strong certainty in himself and the Senate presents his flaw of being unaware of the truth. In this case, he is unaware of the Senate’s strong suspicion against him. Othello’s certainty of his innocence sharply contrasts with the assertion of Brabantino about Othello’s guilt: “Desdemona is abused, stolen from me, and corrupted / by spells and medicines bought of mountebanks; / For nature so prepost’rously to err – / Being not deficient, blind, or lame of sense – / Sans witchcraft could not” (Shakespeare 1.3.73-77). Brabantino claims that there is no way that Desdemona suddenly fell for a black man without witchcraft. The bitter diction, such as “stolen”, “abused” and “corrupted”, creates an irony with Othello’s assurance that he will be exonerated by the Senate. Despite the inherent bigotry, Othello does not know this because it is not revealed to him directly. Brabantino lists “deficient, blind, or lame of sense” to emphasize the unlikelihood of the relationship. He also applies mystical word choices, “spells and medicines” and “witchcraft” to reinforce the improbability of Desdemona’s affection for Othello. Brabantino’s declaration is a contrast to Othello’s confidence which highlights Othello’s lack of perception in realizing the truth in the situation. 
The mistrust between the two sides is also emphasized by the Senate’s continuous questioning and assertions against Othello. The First Senate member interrogates “But, Othello, speak: / Did you by indirect and forc´d courses / Subdue and poison this young maid’s affections? / Or came it by request, and such fair question / As soul to soul affordeth?” 
(Shakespeare 1.3.129-133). Shakespeare incorporates violent diction like “forc’d” , “subdue”, and “poison” to underscore the Senate’s skepticism towards Desdemona and Othello’s romantic relationship. The Senate’s examination of Othello indicates their uncertainty and surface-level relationship with Othello.
Othello tells the story of how he fell in love with Desdemona during the heated altercation between the Senate and Othello. This story moves the Duke, who assists setting the neutral ground of the ongoing debate by assuaging Brabantino:  “I think this tale would win my daughter, too” (Shakespeare 1.3.197). The Duke uses persuasive and calm tone to halt the Senate’s questioning of Othello and relieve the tension within the situation. The Duke’s impartiality sharply discerns with Brabantino’s bias towards Desdemona and bias against Othello: “I pray you hear her speak…Come hither, gentle mistress. / Do you perceive in all this noble company / Where you most you owe obedience?” (Shakespeare 1.3.205-207). Brabantino shifts in tone and diction from heartless to considerate, displaying the polarity of trust with Othello to Desdemona. Brabantino is more kind-hearted towards Desdemona, while he is cold-hearted and bitter towards Othello. Earlier in the play, Brabantino utilized harsh diction, such as “corrupted” and “stol’n” when reprimanding Othello (1.3.73). However, when he confers with Desdemona, he speaks with a warm and tender tone, using words such as “gentle” and “obedience” (1.3.205-207) that suggest not only Desdemona’s purity but also Brabantino’s belief in her. The blatant disparity in Brabantino’s treatment of Othello and Desdemona evidently signifies his adamant disdain toward their relationship, along with his suspicion of Othello. This relationship overall helps develop and reveal of Othello’s inability to note the truth in his flawed relationships with the Senate later in the play. He believes that others view him the same way as he views himself. However, he is too oblivious to know that the Senate does not respect or value him as much as he expects them to and doesn’t relinquish their suspicion against Othello until Desdemona steps up to defend Othello.

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