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Understanding globalization course consisted of many topics and main ideas. Today we will reflect upon some of the major topics discussed and relate them back to the lectures, power points, film documentary’s and other reading resources given by the professor. The first main topic discussed in the beginning of the course was the idea of Capitalism and the definition and meaning of Globalization.  “Globalization is an contested concept’ attempts to provide a definition of globalization. Globalization first appeared in the 1940s. It is sometimes mistaken for an unstoppable juggernaut ‘Americanizing’ the world. However, understanding the interactions between the local, national, regional, and global indiscriminate use of the word ‘globalization’ is confusing. Globalization is a set of social processes that lead to the social condition of globally, through the growing consciousness of global connectivity.” (Steger, Chapter 1) 
Manfred B. Steger was one of the two main literature resources needed for the program but one of the most useful I found because it gave me an better understanding and connectivity to how globalization has impacted the world in the old versus today’s society. The idea of Capitalism was touched upon many times in our class. Capitalism is an economic and political system in which a country’s trade and industry is controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state. This idea was discussed through a couple of videos watched, information given  by the professor and through our reading material.
Globalization and history was the next topic discussed. Globalization is commonly thought of as a new phenomenon, but contact between diverse individuals is not new. However it began when prehistoric tribes settled and were able to withstand the other wandering tribes. This premodern period saw technological advances which have now allowed trade and communication to rise, the early modern period saw the birth of capitalism and regional markets and looking between the eras the modern period experienced the Industrial Revolution which provided major advances in technology and the contemporary era was an era of convergence, with people coming together. The history of globalization was a time when eras had discovered new advantages within their own era that impacted the era to come. 
We discussed about the different eras and heard new perspectives about it as we first launched the group discussion presentations. Then came the economic dimension of globalization which mainly explored the changing ways of how the way people have undertaken economic production. The global economic order emerged after World War II, when the Bretton Woods Conference laid the foundations for the IMF, World Bank, and WTO. By then neoliberalism liberalized financial transactions and unstable growth led to the Great Financial Crash, where banks traded toxic assets without any kind regulation in place thus the transnational corporations took economic power leaving an massive effect on the structure and function of the global economy.  

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The political dimension of globalization was ventured onto to next. Giving us an look into the  political arrangements. Traditional politics harboured an ‘us’ and ‘them’ mentality and the Contemporary globalization led to permeation of those borders. The modern nation-state came into being after the Protestant Reformation and the rise of organizations such as the United Nations threatened according to globalization sceptics. However, national governments still held significant power thereby causing a rise in the number of supra-territorial institutions, operating from the local level all the way to the global level. 
Canadian mining on the global scale came next and it touched upon the effects that impacted the women in the mining era. We watched a very inspiring documentary which focused towards more of the perspective coming from women and how it has impacted their life. The cultural dimension of globalization idea was the next topic we discussed. We explored the intensification and expansion of cultural flows across the globe and it’s critics of cultural globalization which claimed that the world is being homogenized or ‘Americanized’. The existence of the global imagination is linked to the rise of global media networks and we discussed that these networks are owned by a small group of transnational corporations that can affect journalistic integrity. 

The last two topics discussed were the ecological dimension of globalization and the ideologies of globalization: market globalism, justice globalism, religious globalisms  ecological dimension of globalization. The ecological dimensions of globalization examines the global effects on the ecological issues. We discussed the link between all humanity and the planet Earth and  The Industrial Revolution which caused many ecological problems, including, resource and food shortages, overpopulation, reduced biodiversity, pollution, and climate change. We identified that all these problems are or have come from an global perspective. However, debates about the seriousness of ecological issues needing to be implemented and this phase of globalization has been severely damaging to the environment, and action is needed now. The final topic we learned, discussed and uncovered together in the course was the Ideologies of globalization: which endow it with values and meanings. Market globalism advocates promise a consumerist, neoliberal, free-market world. 
Which this ideology is held by many powerful individuals, who claim it transmits democracy and benefits everyone. However, it also reinforces inequality, and can be politically motivated. Justice globalism envisages a global civil society and environmental safeguards. They disagree with market globalists who view neoliberalism as the only way. Religious globalisms strive for a global religious community with superiority over secular structures. The global crises and the future of globalization’ assessed how globalization may continue in the twenty-first century.

One major question that I had throughout this entire course was why the link between humanity, planet earth and the industrial revolution which lead to many ecological issues still is around today? Could it have been fixed back then resulting in a world today that was free of some of the ecological issues? Many of the ecological issues that have an result of humanity, planet earth and the industrial revolution are as follows:  food shortages, overpopulation, reduced biodiversity, pollution, and climate change. Upon reflection of these it is well known these are from an global perspective. Climate change, pollution and food shortages are some of the main problems that stand out to me the most and have opened up my eyes in today’s world. This question still remains with me and it considered personally to be very important because even though we have discussed these global perspective issues in depth during the lectures I’m still confused as too why many people even specialists who have studied theses issues for years; still have not been able to actually make an major difference in the world. If there was an decrease in climate change and pollution many elements, living organisms and humans would experience better beneficiary advantages to their living status, health and conditions.
This question is important to understand especially when trying to understand globalization because it affects an major aspect of globalization. Globalization as a whole is made up of many different aspects and is an hugely contested concept We have been learning thr true definition of globalization and how it affected the world back then and now. The ecological aspects of globalization are affected tremendously by these issues being stressed upon the worlds ecological system.  The problems facing today’s world with climate change, pollution, food shortages and resource shortages happening all around the world have shown them make an huge affect on the ecological system and globalization as a whole.