studies suggest a greater risk for some mental disorders among those with
higher verbal IQ specifically and for those who lean toward creative fields
such as art, poetry, music, and theater versus those who are gifted in
quantitative reasoning. Therefore, any study that focuses
on particular aspect intelligence, for example, only those gifted in
quantitative reasoning, may miss a subclass of those with high intelligence in
other domains who may be at risk.
may also benefit to analyze gender differences in intelligence and mental
health. There is some evidence that the relationship
between intelligence in youth and mental health outcomes in adulthood might be
different for men and women (Hatch et al., 2007).
research is required to identify the highly intelligent population as a ‘at risk’ group.
of research in the field of intelligence and mental health can further be applied to future genetic studies, creativity and mental disorders research. It can also be
used to devise better diagnoses and treatment.
health is frequently viewed as the absence of mental illness.
However feelings of happiness, satisfaction with life, self-realization and
positive societal functioning must be considered in evaluating a person’s
mental health. It is an often neglected fact that mental health includes social
well-being as well. Therefore further exploration of social and cultural
variables as well as socio-economic status in determining a relationship
between intelligence and mental health is crucial.
Another facet of the
topic involves a need to cultivate
sensitivity and awareness towards mental health as well as the needs of
children on both ends of the intelligence spectrum. Mentally challenged
students require special attention to cope with daily living and facilitate
better mental health. Research has shown that gifted children ‘pushed’ to
achieve more at younger ages as compared to their peers often grow up to be
disappointed, somewhat unhappy adults (Freeman, 2001).
There are various
aspects of the debate on the relationship between intelligence and mental
health that remain underrepresented in the academia. New concepts are changing
the manner in which intelligence is viewed. The concept of emotional
intelligence deals with the accurate awareness of and ability to manage one’s
emotions. Recent studies have found that
individuals with higher emotional intelligence tend to have better social
relationships, better academic achievement and greater psychological well-being
(Mayer, Roberts, et al., 2008). Its relation to traditional intelligence is
also being explored. EI is also related to mood repair and trait intelligence
that could play a role in mental health.
There is a lot of
literature to support extremely low levels of intelligence and its relation to
mental health and stability, but conflicting evidence on those with high intelligence.
Comprehensive research, that takes the previously mentioned points into
consideration, should be done in order to establish a definite link between
intelligence and mental health.