Recycling is a process that converts old material into reusable new material. When recycling and reusing items, energy and raw materials are saved. Recycling not only saves energy, but also saves the environment and benefits the economy. Recycling should be mandatory in order to benefit the world by preventing pollution.There are about 269,000 tons of plastic is in the ocean. This is equal to about 2,150 adult blue whales or to 38,000 African elephants. It takes roughly between 50 to 600 years of different plastic products to decompose, so majority of plastic products made still exist today. In “The Ocean’s Recycling Problem”, “Over time, these items break down into smaller pieces from the beating they take from the elements and become known as microplastics, which look a lot like phytoplankton to fish. One theory for plastic’s disappearing act is ingestion by marine creatures, which is supported by UNEP’s studies which reveal up to 80% of sea turtle and sea bird species have consumed plastic.” This quote is an example of how not recycling plastic can be harmful to the environment. The plastics that are dumped in the ocean are ingested by marine animals, which can lead to their death because they mistake the plastic as food. UNEP then continued to investigate if plastic made its way up the food chain to humans and the answer is, yes. Harmful chemicals from the fish are found in humans. This shows that the plastics people throw in the ocean are not only harmful to marine life, but also to humans. If people recycle more, oceans will be less polluted. Recycling also can preserve natural resources. In 2005 the Pennsylvania Department of Natural Resources saved raw materials like iron ore, coal, and limestone by recycling steel. From “Recycling Benefits: The Top Societal Gains from Recycling Efforts”, “By reducing land disturbances and pollution associated with mining and extraction of new materials we are decreasing the degradation of natural ecosystems and wildlife habitats.” This quote is an example of how recycling can save the environment. If people recycle more, the need for extracting raw materials will decrease. This will prevent more destruction of wildlife habitat and decrease pollution from mining. About 210 million tons of waste are disposed every year, which costs about $45 billion. The waste that people dispose in the garbage are mostly disposed in landfills. An example of a problem from this occurred in 1987. In “Recycling Benefits the Environment”, “America’s most recent wake-up call to the mess it was making came in 1987, when a trash barge called the Mobro 4000 motored up and down the Eastern seaboard looking for a landfill in which to dumb 3,200 tons of New york State’s garbage.” This is an example of what happened when most people did not recycle, and just threw out waste. Eventually, Mobro returned to port, but was still fully loaded. The landfills are filling up more and more everyday, and if people do not do something about it and recycle, this could happen again. Not only are landfills taking up space, but they also can harm people. Landfills are a problem because they are difficult to maintain and can contaminate drinkable water with toxins. In “Recycling Benefits: The Top Societal Gains from Recycling Efforts”, “The EPA estimates that 0.1% to 0.4% of surface aquifers are contaminated by landfills…” Even though these percentages may seem insignificant, the drinkable water people drink should not be contaminated at all. Eventually, some people began to recycle more. From “Recycling Benefits the Environment”, “The paper recycling industry alone saves 17 trees for every ton of paper it keeps out of the landfill. In 1996 America recovered 42.3 million tons of paper, saving more than 719 million trees.” In this quote, the amount of paper that was saved by the paper recycling industry is a significant amount, and if people continue to recycle paper, people could prevent more waste from getting dumped in landfills. Even though recycling is beneficial to the environment and economy, other people think that it is not. For example, from “Recycling Is a Waste of Time, Money, and Energy”, Edwin Decker states “On balance, recycling isn’t even beneficial to the planet because of all the carbon-intensive resources-such as garbage trucks and industrial recycling plants-that are used to facilitate the process from start to finish.” In this quote he talks about how recycling plants pollute just as much as any manufacturing plant. However, this is false because recycling uses industrial activity to reduce the impact of wastes like landfills. From “Recycling Benefits: The Top Societal Gains from Recycling Efforts”, “Recycling reduces pollution because manufactures are reusing materials instead of creating new ones, which also saves energy, and toxic chemicals and greenhouse gases aren’t being released into the atmosphere through incineration in landfills.” From this quote, recycling reuses material which saves energy and reduces the impact of pollution. In “Recycling Benefits: The Top Societal Gains from Recycling Efforts”, and example of how recycling is beneficial to the environment is “Recycling one ton of plastic saves 16.3 barrels of oil, 5,774 kilowatts of energy, and 30 cubic yards of landfill space” From this quote if people recycle more, energy will be saved, and there will not be need to produce more plastic which causes more pollution. This benefits the environment and saves more energy. From “Recycling Is a Waste of Time, Money, and Energy”, Decker also states “Recycling also does not save money; curbside recycling costs significantly more than it does to dump waste in a landfill.” In this quote, Decker talks about how recycling does not save money, and it costs more money to recycle than to just dump waste. However, this is also false because recycling actually benefits the economy by creating more jobs and saves some money. In “Recycling Benefits the Economy and Creates Jobs”, “A wide variety of recycling, refurbishing, and repurposing programs across the country not only creates jobs but also save taxpayers money and generate other significant economic benefits for local communities.” This quote talks about how recycling not only creates many jobs, but also saves taxpayer money and benefits other communities economically. The recycling industry has created more than 1 million jobs and continues to create more. This benefits people who are in need of a job and the economy.In conclusion, recycling should be mandatory in order to benefit our world by preventing pollution. If people recycle everyday materials, more energy will be saved, the economy will benefit, and there will be less pollution. Recycling has many benefits, and if people recycle our world will become a better place.