The cyberbullying plays a common role in social

 The aim of this extended written essay is to explore and find out the underlying meaning behind depression more specifically major depression. I seek to further investigate the most useful form of treatment for this type of depression. The reasoning behind this choice of topic is because Major Depression has been found to be most common amongst Teenagers so equally I delve interest and curiosity as to why that is. I have constructed my own source of primary evidence through a questionnaire which I sent out to individuals between the ages of 13 and 18 to see how common the symptoms of depression could be amongst teenagers. I made sure I kept my sample representative as i’ve included individuals of different genders, ages and year group. This will help me be able to collect reliable results and draw valid conclusions, providing me with answers to support my question. Using the primary evidence I’ve collected, I will analyse and evaluate the most successful form of treatment for major depression and compare it to other treatments found to be ‘successful’. I will also discuss what depression is and the factors responsible for creating depression in teenagers. I will use a variety of sources through, with proper evaluation of source bias, reliability and validity. I also plan to use different case studies to support my facts and statistics with evidence. In my opinion, depression plays an dominant role in society due the exposure of social media like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Snapchat. Social media changes the way we communicate, socialize, make and maintain friendships. However,  there are benefits to living in the electronic world although there are also risks. I personally feel like my generation and the younger generation miss out on critical social skills development when they spend the majority of their free time connected to and interacting through a screen. They can also set the wrong standards for themselves and establish unrealistic comparisons. In addition, cyberbullying plays a common role in social media due to the anonymity being taken advantage of.  “Research shows an increase in major depressive episodes from 8.7% in 2005 to 11.3% in 2014 in adolescents and from 8.8% to 9.6% in young adults” and “one report by the Royal Society for Public Health in the UK surveyed 1500 young people, ages 14 to 24, to determine the effects of social media use on issues such as anxiety, depression, self-esteem, and body image. Their findings show that YouTube had the most positive impact, while Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, and SnapChat all had negative effects on mental health”Studying this topic has allowed me to combine two areas of general and genuine interest, biology and psychology. Biopsychology is intriguing because I believe we all function differently psychologically and I will look into researching the one form of treatment that works specifically for Major depression. What is depression?There are several definitions to what depression is. According to oxford dictionary, Depression is defined as “A mental condition characterized by feelings of severe despondency and dejection, typically also with feelings of inadequacy and guilt, often accompanied by lack of energy and disturbance of appetite and sleep.”Depression symptoms can vary from lenient to extreme: Feeling sad or having a depressed moodLoss of interest or pleasure in activities that were favoured Changes in appetite – an individual can either lose weight or gain weight due over/undereatingTrouble sleeping or sleeping too muchLoss of energy Feeling worthless or guilty for no reason Difficulty thinking, concentrating or making decisionsOccasional thoughts of death or suicideThe difference between sadness and depressionThe deaths, loss of a job or ended relationships are difficult experiences for a person to handle.  It is normal for a response of sadness or grief to develop towards situations like these. Individuals experiencing loss often may describe themselves as being “depressed.”However, being sad is not the same as having depression. The grieving process is natural and distinctive to each person and may perhaps share some of the same features of depression. Both grief and depression involves intense sadness and withdrawal from specific activities. It’s important that we know the key differences: In grief, painful feelings come in waves, often intermixed with positive memories of the deceased. In major depression, mood and/or interest (pleasure) are decreased for most of two weeks.In grief, self-esteem is usually maintained. In major depression, feelings of worthlessness and self-loathing are common.For some people, the death of a loved one can bring on major depression. Losing a job or being a victim of a physical assault or a major disaster can lead to depression for some people. When grief and depression occur, the grief is severe and lasts longer than grief without depression. Despite some overlap between grief and depression, they are different. Distinguishing between them can help people get the help, support or treatment they need.I’ve felt sadness when I did not get a grade I hoped to achieve, betrayal by friends and much more. Sadness is usually triggered by a difficult, hurtful, challenging, or disappointing event, experience, or situation. To put in another way, we tend to feel sad about something. This means that when that something changes, when our emotional hurt fades, when we’ve adjusted or gotten over the loss or disappointment, our sadness suspends. Depression is an abnormal emotional state, a mental illness that affects our thinking, emotions, perceptions, and behaviors in prevalent and persistent. When we’re depressed we feel sad about everything. Depression does not necessarily require a difficult event or situation, a loss, or a change of circumstance as a trigger. In actual fact, It often occurs in the absence of any such triggers. People’s lives on paper might be totally fine and they would even admit this is true but yet they still feel horrible.Depression colours all aspects of our lives, making everything less enjoyable, less interesting, less important, less lovable, and less worthwhile. Depression erodes our energy, motivation, and ability to experience joy, pleasure, excitement, anticipation, satisfaction, connection, and meaning. All your thresholds tend to be lower. You’re more impatient, quicker to anger and get frustrated, quicker to break down, and it takes you longer to heal back from anything.The exposure of treatments for sadness is easier than depression; this includes making some lifestyle changes. Connect with other people. Make a phone call, take a yoga class, or join a jogging club, knitting circle, or another group that interests you.Build in time each day for an activity you enjoy.Watch funny television shows or movies, or read a lighthearted or funny book.Engage in physical activities or sports.Dogs in particular can reduce stress, anxiety, ease loneliness, encourage exercise and playfulness https://www.helpguide.org/articles/mental-health/mood-boosting-power-of-dogs.htmDo not self-medicate through the use of drugs or alcohol.Treat yourself kindly by eating healthy and trying to get enough sleep.If you have trouble sleeping, try meditating or taking a warm bath before bed. Risk Factors for Depression Several factors can play a role in depression:Biochemistry: Differences in certain chemicals in the brain may contribute to symptoms of depression.Genetics: Depression can run in families. For example, if one identical twin has depression, the other has a 70 percent chance of having the illness sometime in life.Personality: People with low self-esteem, who are easily overwhelmed by stress, or who are generally pessimistic appear to be more likely to experience depression.Environmental factors: Continuous exposure to violence, neglect, abuse or poverty may make some people more vulnerable to depression.Depression can occur in both genders of any age. Depression affects people across all ethnic groups and socioeconomic backgrounds.early childhood or teenage traumainability to cope with a devastating life event, such as the death of a child or spouse, or any situation that causes extreme levels of painlow self-esteemfamily history of mental illness, including bipolar disorder or depressionhistory of substance abuse, including drugs and alcohollack of family or community acceptance for identifying as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT).trouble adjusting to a medical condition, such as cancer, stroke, chronic pain, or heart diseasetrouble adjusting to body changes due to catastrophic injury, such as loss of limbs, or paralysishistory of prior mental health disorders, including anorexia, bulimia, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or anxiety disorderlack of support by friends, family, or coworkers