The word team has
numerous meanings and can refer to different kinds of groups. The best
explanation is that a team is a group of people working together to achieve a
common goal for which these individuals hold themselves mutually accountable.
The main elements of a team include the following the members have a common
work interest, the tasks performed are interdependent and there is a shared
responsibility for the output of the tasks accomplished (Peter R.
In an attempt to bring out the main components of a successful team, Peter
Scholtes developed the ten ingredients of a successful team.
The first ingredient is clarity in a team’s goals; a team
goal refers to an extensive primary outcome that the members of a team want to reach.
This ingredient is not only limited to having a joint mission or a common
purpose; it further requires that the members understand the goal, mission or
purpose and those other individuals who are not members of the team also easily
understand the goal. Sports teams illustrate this ingredient, some of these
teams have members that have not agreed or have not acknowledge the goals set. Unable
to understand the goals will cause the teams to fail ultimately.
second ingredient is the improvement plan; an improvement plan is a document
that outlines the goals that the team want to achieve. The goals are broken
down into objectives and milestones; these milestones enable the team to observe
its progress. The improvement plan also enables the team to understand what
they require to achieve their goals. An example of this ingredient is the
project teams in offices that outline their goals by breaking them down into
objectives. The improvement plan enables the teammates to learn from the
previous mistakes they made.
The third ingredient is defined roles; this
element outlines that every member of the team should identify their duties and
their responsibilities. Once the team members are well versed in their duties,
the likelihood of confusion in the group is minimal. The teammates can achieve
their goals easier and more efficiently. An example is the way a chess game is structured,
each chess piece is expected to move their unique direction and ultimately
defeat the opponent.
next ingredient is clear communications; the team members are at all times
expected to depict proper communication skills. These communication skills
include clear speech and adequate listening. An illustration is the failure of
one member of a team of paralegals to do his/her part, the paralegals were
expected to research on a particular case and proceeded to divide the work
amongst them. The failure of the paralegal to inform his/her teammates of
his/her failure to do his/her part will cost the team.
Beneficial team behaviors are the fifth
ingredient. Peter was of the view that a team should perform certain behaviors.
These beneficial team behaviors cause the team cohesiveness to become stronger
than ever before (Peter R. Scholtes, 2003). An illustration of
these beneficial team behaviors include belief; a successful team will at all
times believe that it can achieve goals and can meet deadlines (Webster,
Well defined decision procedures, this is another
ingredient that requires teams to come up with proper methods of solving
problems and efficient methods of making decisions. The decision making should
also be accompanied by appropriate information and data. This information is
used to enable the team members to make reasonable decisions. An example is the
board of directors of any company; the board is made up of many directors who
work together to run the company. The directors have a proper method of making
decisions which is either through a poll or a show of hands. These processes
are governed by the Articles of association of the company.
Balanced participation, this ingredient outlines that
each team member should always contribute equally to the success of the team.
The balanced participation ingredient is exemplified by numerous school groups
projects which have certain students who in specific groups fail to help in the
group project. The lack of the support of one team member drags the other team
Establishing ground rules, this ingredient outlines that
the team members should develop ground rules that will direct the way the team
members carry out their business as a group. These ground rules should be
appropriate and comfortable for the individuals making up the team. An example
is a team that agrees upon ground rules such as things are not allowed to be
done such as skip meetings.
of the group process, this ingredient deals with the information that group
members get from the other group members and current group processes. The
information is used to complete the job efficiently.
The last one, the use of scientific
approach in teamwork, this ingredient describe that leaders should measure
productivity by setting high targets for the workers (Evans, 2017). An example is the
setting of high targets in sports teams such as winning their respective leagues.
These high targets will boost the team members’ morale and enable them to
achieve great things