UNITED the attitudes of the Americans against terrorism

UNITED STATES FOREIGN POLICY FOR FIGHTING
INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM

                       

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                            NAME: Krish Kanwar

                                            INSTRUCTORS NAME: Dr. Arnd Jürgensen

                                            COURSE NAME: ECO227 Foreign Economic
and Political Policies       Of Nations

                                            
T.A.:  Aarie Glas

                                            
Student Number: 1001512026

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STUDENT DECLARATION

This
proposal is my original work and has not been presented for a degree in any
other university.

Signature:
KK                                Date: 04/04/2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

TITLE……………………………………………………………………………………………………1

DECLARATION……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..2

TABLE OF CONTENTS……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………3

ABREVIATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………4

CHAPTER ONE………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………5

INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………5

1.1      Problem
statement…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….5

1.2      Objectives
of the study………………………………………………………………………………………………………………6

1.3      Significance…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………6

CHAPTER TWO…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….7

LITERATURE REVIEW ……………………………………………………………………………………….………………………….…7

2.1 Objectives
of U.S. foreign policy on international terrorism…….………………………………………………..7

2.2 Americas
security against terrorism…………………………………………………………………..………….………….7

2.3 Positive
results achieved…………………….…………………………………………………………………………………….8

CHAPTER THREE………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………..9

METHODOLOGY…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..……………9

3.1Research
instruments ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….9

3.2 Validity.
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….9

3.3 Data
analysis…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………9

3.4 Ethical
consideration ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….……….10

CHAPTER 4……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..….11

 4.1FINDIGS………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…….11

CHAPTER 5…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………13

5.1Conclusion………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………13

5.2Recommendation………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….14

 

ABBREVIATIONS

DHS                     Department of Homeland Security

U.S.                      United States

FEMA                  Federal Emergency Management
Agency

PLAN                    Personal Localized Alerting
Network

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER
ONE

Introduction

Terrorism is a threat to not only
the international security but also domestic security. Due to previous attacks
from terrorists, it has triggered the development of policies from an international
viewpoint whether it is cooperation, diplomacy, covert actions or physical
security enhancement from the military force. There have been negative views of
how the US approaches on the issue of international terrorism. Some believe that
the US foreign policy amounts to International terrorism (Lee, 2015). This is
because the policies have been accused of negligence of the protest of Anti-war
individuals in the world. The US implemented a foreign policy on economic
sanctions on the countries that are believed to support terrorism in any way.

US foreign policies neutralize the
emergence of the international terrorists. The impacts of these policies
whether they affect international terrorist is another emerging issue (Pillar,
2004). The best possible way in the determination of the impact of the US about
International terrorism is by examining the national security of US. The
impacts of the policies can be determined through the extermination of the
attitudes of the Americans against terrorism by knowing how they perceive
terrorism and their safety

1.1Statement of the Problem

The research is necessary since it
tackles the impacts of the US foreign policies on international terrorism.
America has many international relations which have forced it to come up with transnational
policies that are followed for the purpose of international matters. The
research is to see the impacts of these policies whether they are protecting
the US citizens from international terrorists.

1.2Objectives

The study will answer the following
questions:

1.     What are the objectives of the foreign
policies in the US in fighting international terrorism?

2.   
How effective are the policies in reflection to the national security of
the country?

3.   
How different is America regarding vulnerability to international
terrorism?

4.   
Do the US foreign policies give positive results in the prevention of
international terrorism?

1.3Significance
of the Study

The study will be significant in the
establishment of the impacts of the US foreign policy on the issue of
international terrorism. It will shed light on the positive and negative
results on the campaign against terrorism in the use of foreign policies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER
2

Literature
review

2.1Objectives
of United States foreign policy

The United States foreign policies
aim at maintaining the national security, ensuring power balance among nations
and encourage peace worldwide and protect the global environment. The foreign
policies also purpose to maintain the American values and ensure freedom and
democracy among foreigners (Hook & Spanier, J. (2015). Due to the
continuous growth of terrorist groups such as al-Qaeda, al-Shabaab, Hamas,
Hezbollah and Islamic Jihad the world has continued to be a more precarious
place for the existence of people, and this is one among the reasons why the
United States foreign policy was formulated to ensure the security of the
citizens. Terrorism results to the destruction of property, displacement of
people, deaths, etc. It is the responsibility of every government to protect
its citizens and ensure maximum security, and this is the reason why such
policies as United States foreign policy are developed. Through the foreign
policy, the United States defines how the relations and interactions between
foreigners and its citizens, cooperation’s, organizations, etc.

2.2America’s
security against terrorism

Terrorist groups are investing a lot
of money in terrorism, therefore, there is need to invest largely in security.
This includes investing in the military training, technologies, intelligence,
etc. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in partnership with other
organizations nationally and globally has worked since 9/11 to ensure that
there are better strategies for dealing with, Mitigation and prevention of
attacks, threats, and disasters of any kind (White, J. R. 2016).

There have been efforts to prevent
movement of weapons person contrabands illegally on the borders of America to
ensure security along the borders and make sure whatever is getting into the
country through the borders is legal. In the transport system security has been
enhancing by ensuring screening and inspection of both travelers and their
goods. America has also strived to ensure preparedness of citizens in events of
attracts or natural disasters. It has also created channels of reporting any
suspicious occurrences or people who seem suspicious for investigations and
therefore prevent any attack that would have happened. This ensures citizens
are on the lookout. Training on crisis and risk mitigation has been done to
different partners. FEMA (Federal Emergency management agency) is in the
process of inventing an alert system known as PLAN (Personal Localized alerting
network) this safety alert technology will allow those who have a mobile phone
to receive alerts on possible threats in the area they are in. (White, J. R.
2016).

 2.3Positive results achieved

Since the establishment of the
foreign policy in the United States to fight international terrorism a lot of
progress has been made. In 2016 March President Barrack Obama visited Cuba, and
this visit was a sign of the end of the cold war that was there between America
and Cuba for 55years. There was also another agreement in 2015 between Iran and
U.S. for Iran to pause development of nuclear weapons (Henry H., 2016). The
number of attacks happening has also reduced greatly. More private sectors have
also come on board where they work together with the government in detecting,
preventing and mitigating risks, crises, and terrorist attacks.

 

 

 

CHAPTER
3

 Methodology

Descriptive analysis will be done
between the respondents and the information from the FBI will be done.
Interviews will be done to cover the information that that is essential in the
study on the impacts of the US foreign policies on international terrorism. At
the end of the collection of data, the information is expected to have the
opinions of the public on how effective the policies are against terrorism, the
failures of the policies about previous attacks and the impacts of the policies
on international terrorism.

 3.1 RESEARCH INSTRUMENTS

All persons who will give consent to
be administered with a pretested questionnaire and the key informants from the
FBI will be interviewed. The questionnaire will cover the part of the
respondent’s demographic characteristics and the part which will ask questions
about U.S. foreign policy on international terrorism.

3.2VALIDITY
AND RELIABILITY

The validity of the research
instrument will be achieved by making sure the supervisor checks the
questionnaire and makes necessary corrections.

 Reliability of the questionnaires will be
ensured by a pre-test. The questionnaire will be administered to 5 persons.
Changes will be made on areas that need correction according to data collected.

 

 3.3DATA ANALYSIS

While analyzing the descriptive data
statistics will be applied. This will involves frequencies and percentages.
Findings of this study will be presented using figures and tables.

 

 3.4ETHICAL CONSIDERATION

An introductory letter will be
obtained from the management of the school. Authority for collecting data will
be sought from the school. All information obtained from this study will be
confidential.

 

CHAPTER
4

 FINDINGS

The total number of respondents who
participated in this research were 100. There were 60 females and 40 males.
Among the respondents only 2% have ever been in a terrorist attack.

Fig 4.1DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS
OF RESPONDENTS

Gender    male
                Female

40
60

Age          18-35
                 36-60

56
44

 

 

20% of the respondents thought that
terrorism was caused by poverty, 54% thought that it was caused by lack of good
security systems in a country, 21% thought that it was due to people being
misinformed that terrorist attacks happen (the terrorist think terrorism is a
good act and that after their action they are going to be awarded or they will
have done a favor to many other people), another 3% thought that it is because
of lack of freedom that terrorist attacks happen and the other 2% did not know
why they happen.

Fig
4.2 CAUSES OF TERRORISM

Causes
of terrorism

Percentage

Poverty

20%

Poor
security system

54%

Being
misinformed

21%

Lack
of freedom

3%

Don’t
know

2%

 

All the respondents agreed that
terrorism has different effects on both individuals and to the nation. The
effect that were named by the respondents include displacement from people’s
homes, deaths, property destruction, health effects, can cause disability,
psychological effects such as trauma.

80% of the respondents knew above 3
counter terrorism methods, 16% knew either one or two methods or the remaining
4% did not know any method.

88% of the respondents are aware of
the United States foreign policy on fighting international terrorism. 90% of
those 88 respondents thought the policy had been effective for those years it
has been in place. This was because the terrorist attacks had reduced, there
are several agreements between the United States and other nations such as
Iran, Cuba etc. to ensure peace and harmony and no attacks from this nations.

The other 10% thought it was not
effective since it has not been able to prevent terrorist attacks in other
countries whereas it’s aim is to fight terrorism internationally.

Fig.
4.3 EFFECTIVENESS OF THE FOREIGN POLICIES

Effectiveness
of the policy

number

percentage

It
was effective

79

90%

It
was not effective

9

10%

 

 

CHAPTER 5

5.1CONCLUSION

In this study, I looked at the
objectives, the effectiveness, and positive results of the United Sates foreign
policy to fight international terrorism. These policies came in place after the
9/11 attack, and since then they have been improving the security standard and
thereby reducing the probability of terrorist attacks. A lot of progress has
been made with the aim of enhancing resilience to attacks among Americans. Some
of these include improving on security in transport, undertaking training for
the partnerships, increasing capability of the military and many others. The
United States government has increased quality and quantity of the hardware and
infrastructure to deal with international terrorism. It has also made
partnerships with private organizations to better their way of handling
international terrorism.

Apart from the huge improvements in
the security sector caused by the foreign policies put in place, there were
still some failures. Most of the respondents were aware of the policies, and
they acknowledged the improvements made. It is, however, notable that there is
a small percentage that does not know of the U.S. Foreign policy for fighting
international terrorism.

There are diverse reasons why people
think terrorism exist. Some of these reasons are true while there are others
which are not true. These reasons include poverty, lack of proper security
systems in a country, unemployment especially among youths which in turn causes
idleness. Being misinformed, lack of freedom, lack of awareness or ignorance of
safety measures and ways of detecting are reporting suspicious people; some
also argue that lack of women empowerment is also a cause and many others.

The U.S. government has made efforts
to ensure the safety of its citizens. This, in turn, will enable growth
development of the country and its citizens. Economic growth with an increase
since there will be a good relationship between America and other nation which
will encourage trade, therefore, increased imports and exports of goods and
services.

 

5.2RECOMMENDATIONS

To address terrorism, it is
important to also address issues such as education to all, address women
empowerment, ensure there are policies that address freedom for all to ensure
people coexist freely.

Citizens should also be trained on
the important things they should know about terrorism. This includes being
trained on how to detect possible terrorist attacks in their areas, how to
report and remain safe and also what to do in case a terrorist attack happens
where they are.

There should also be strategies to
help those involved I terrorist attacks to go back to their normal lives. These
can include paying medical bills for them, taking them through a counseling
session, relocation for those who are displaced and giving them financial
support.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REFERENCES.

Carlton, D., &
Schaerf, C. (Eds.). (2015). International terrorism and world security
(Vol. 3). Routledge.

 

Dragu, T., &
Polborn, M. (2014). The rule of law in the fight against terrorism. American
Journal of Political Science, 58(2), 511-525.

 

Henry
Haynes, (2016). Obamas success in foreign
policy.

 Lee, Chia?yi. “Terrorism, counterterrorism aid, and
foreign direct investment.” Foreign Policy Analysis (2015).

Pillar, Paul R. Terrorism and US foreign policy.
Brookings Institution Press, 2004.

 

Hook, S. W., &
Spanier, J. (2015). American foreign policy since World War II. Cq
Press.

 

White, J. R.
(2016). Terrorism and homeland security. Cengage Learning.